在JS中从视频中提取帧

我正在尝试构建一个从 JavaScript 视频中提取帧的函数。这是我想出的代码。该函数接收一个源和一个回调。从那里,我用源创建了一个视频,我想以设定的间隔在画布中绘制视频帧。

不幸的是,返回的帧都是透明图像。

我尝试了一些不同的东西,但我不能让它工作。有人可以帮忙吗?谢谢。

const extractFramesFromVideo = function(src, callback) {
  var video = document.createElement('video');
  video.src = src;

  video.addEventListener('loadeddata', function() {
    var canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
    var context = canvas.getContext('2d');
    canvas.setAttribute('width', video.videoWidth);
    canvas.setAttribute('height', video.videoHeight);

    var frames = [];
    var fps = 1; // Frames per seconds to
    var interval = 1 / fps; // Frame interval
    var maxDuration = 10; // 10 seconds max duration
    var currentTime = 0; // Start at 0

    while (currentTime < maxDuration) {
      video.currentTime = currentTime; 
      context.drawImage(video, 0, 0, video.videoWidth, video.videoHeight);
      var base64ImageData = canvas.toDataURL();
      frames.push(base64ImageData);

      currentTime += interval;

      if (currentTime >= maxDuration) {
        console.log(frames);
        callback(frames);
      }
    }
  });
}

export default extractFramesFromVideo;

在调整您的代码以等待seeked事件并修复一些零碎之后,它似乎工作正常:

async function extractFramesFromVideo(videoUrl, fps=25) {
  return new Promise(async (resolve) => {

    // fully download it first (no buffering):
    let videoBlob = await fetch(videoUrl).then(r => r.blob());
    let videoObjectUrl = URL.createObjectURL(videoBlob);
    let video = document.createElement("video");

    let seekResolve;
    video.addEventListener('seeked', async function() {
      if(seekResolve) seekResolve();
    });

    video.addEventListener('loadeddata', async function() {
      let canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
      let context = canvas.getContext('2d');
      let [w, h] = [video.videoWidth, video.videoHeight]
      canvas.width =  w;
      canvas.height = h;

      let frames = [];
      let interval = 1 / fps;
      let currentTime = 0;
      let duration = video.duration;

      while(currentTime < duration) {
        video.currentTime = currentTime;
        await new Promise(r => seekResolve=r);

        context.drawImage(video, 0, 0, w, h);
        let base64ImageData = canvas.toDataURL();
        frames.push(base64ImageData);

        currentTime += interval;
      }
      resolve(frames);
    });

    // set video src *after* listening to events in case it loads so fast
    // that the events occur before we were listening.
    video.src = videoObjectUrl; 

  });
}

Run Code Online (Sandbox Code Playgroud)

用法:

let frames = await extractFramesFromVideo("https://example.com/video.webm");

Run Code Online (Sandbox Code Playgroud)


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